Infanterie écossaise 1944 – Review d’uniforme
Hello everyone and welcome to this new uniform presentation video. Today, I have the honor to present to you the uniform worn by the Scottish infantry in Normandy in 1944. First of all, I have to remind you of some points, as usual. First of all, this video is just a base that you can use to build your uniform. This is by no means a bible that will save you from buying books, specialized magazines or even doing your own research on the Internet. I don’t pretend to know everything, so if you have any comments, I invite you to contribute by posting a comment. But don’t forget that you can easily contradict me using old photos, but it’s not that there is a photo and that it was regulatory, and conversely, just because there are no photos doesn’t mean that the element in question never existed. I will only present what I wear, to avoid a video that would last two hours, and that would cost thousands of euros, and you can find all of the elements that I present in the description with the corresponding timing. History of the 51st Highland Division Uniform The uniform of the British soldier in 1944 differs greatly from that of theaters of operations and previous eras. In fact, the blanco, the color applied to equipment, will have changed several times during the Second World War, making it impossible to use equipment from 1940 to 1944 without going through a color change. The Battle Dress pants were put on in 1937 and are here a “pattern 40” (P40), thus giving the name of BD P37/40. These are pants made of thick woolen cloth, with 5 pockets: a large one on the left thigh, intended to hold cards; a smaller one on the right thigh, which will contain the first aid dressing; two pockets on the sides and a pocket on the right buttock. The buttons will be visible, characteristic of the Battle Dress P40, and the belt loops will have been removed. Brass buttons are arranged inside, at the waist, to attach elastic white straps, essential for optimal comfort. Two buttons are placed on the back, one above each, to fix the Battle Dress jacket. The 1927 studded low boots were the standard shoes for all British infantry during the Second World War. They are made of leather, and are closed with leather laces too, to go through 6 pairs of eyelets. The lacing is particular, pay attention not to make a mistake. Tutorials are available on Youtube or Facebook. The sole will be shoeed and an iron will also be placed at the front, to increase the solidity of the shoe. Be careful however on smooth ground, the nails can make you fall. A pair of 1937 gaiters will be placed above, to protect the ankles. They are closed by 2 brass buckles which will be placed on the outside of the leg, straps towards the back. A first version collarless flannel shirt will be worn under the Battle Dress jacket, and will provide better combat comfort than with a short-sleeved T-shirt, the wool jacket being not comfortable to wear on the skin. It closes with three buttons on the front, the shirt having only a partial opening. The suspenders will be worn over the top to make it easier to take off your pants when needed. Our Scottish soldier wears the British army ID plates, made of fiber and hung on a white cord. Thus, the name and initials of the first name, religion, rank and service number were stamped on these small tags. The red plate was intended to be torn off when the green plate remained on the body. The Battle Dress P37/40 jacket complements the pants of the same name. Our soldier being Scottish, he wears the Gordon Highlanders tartan as “Title”, whose wearing like this is specific to the 1st battalion. The insignia of the 51st Highland Division will be worn below, followed by two red “Stripes” (color of the infantry weapon), identifying the membership of the 153rd brigade, which was the 2nd brigade of the division. The Battle Dress jacket is made of woolen cloth with 2 chest pockets, closed with 2 plastic buttons. It closes on the front with 5 buttons and two hooks allow you to close the collar. A strip of cloth will be passed through a steel loop to close the belt. Two loops are arranged at the back to fix the pants buttons. Unlike the P37 jacket, all the buttons are visible, characteristic of the P37/40. The Gordon Highlanders being part of a Scottish tradition infantry regiment, they didn’t have a classic General Service Beret but a Tam O’shanter. It owes its name to the hero of the eponymous poem by Robert Burns. It was introduced into the British army in 1915 to replace the previous Scottish hat, the Glengarry, which will only be worn by a few officers in combat. It will be topped with a pompom and a badge will be placed above the temple, placed on a piece of tartan corresponding to the clan. Here, our badge is typical of the Gordon Highlanders, and the tartan will match. It will be necessary to sew the tartan on the top of the Tam, unlike now, where the tartan can be sewn on the elastic band. The MK2 helmet was adopted in 1938 and distributed from 1939, it experienced many changes throughout the war, but it wasn’t impossible to find refurbished MK1 helmets from the first war, since the MK2 was actually an improved version of its predecessor. It’s nicknamed “Brodie helmet” after its designer, John Leopold Brodie. A waxed canvas internal is crimped on a circular banding, then in a cross, all retained by a top screw, on the top of the helmet, and visible from the outside. This screw will change size depending on the helmet versions. The helmet has a canvas chin strap, mounted on a spring, and then an elastic band. It’s made of manganese steel, allowing deformation during a major impact, and not a sharp break, allowing better security for the soldier wearing it. The colors will vary according to the periods and the fronts, and camouflages could also be found, on the initiative of the soldier. A small mesh net with burlap bands will be placed over it, the net may be tan, green or brown. The Mark3 helmet will be found on the front line troops in June 1944, but the Gordon were not equipped, they arrived in France on June 7, 1944. Equipment All the equipment worn by our soldier is of the pattern 1937, made of elements in “web”. The assembly is carried out using buckles and hooks in brass or zinc-plated iron. Two MK3 P1937 cartridges are placed on either side of the belt. They are intended to transport the soldier’s ammunition, and allow, in passing, to keep the suspenders in place. Grenades, magazines, clips in shoulder straps can be stored, and 2 Bren magazines will also be stored in one of the cartridges. The small passers-by under the flap are used for cartridges of rifle grenades. The endowment of the new Lee Enfield rifle required the creation of a new bayonet. This is the No4 MK2, stored in an MK1 scabbard, all placed on a 1937 canvas frog. The bayonet is here made in 3D printing, but the scabbard is made of steel. The equipment is placed on a P1937 belt, which will allow the crossed straps to be hung, which will be joined together by a passer-by who is on the strap starting from the left pouch. An individual MK1 trench tool is placed at the back of the belt at the end of the shoulder straps. The individual trench tool was reintroduced in 1942, which was discontinued in 1937. It allows you to store a shovel/pickaxe with the handle stored outside, here of the 2nd type. A bottle holder MK3 P1937 will contain a MK7 canteen with its felt cover. A US TL-122-B lamp is here worn by our soldier. Not regulatory, but it was able to recover this effect from Americans when they were stationed in England. Here it’s stored in a cartridge case but will rather be attached to the belt, the cartridges being intended to store the ammunition. The soldier’s equipment was regulatory for all troop men. The NCO and officers had variations, of course, but the rest of the troop had very little variation, except for the collective weapons officers. The provision is also regulatory, so avoid freedoms. A green canvas cover is on the left flank of our soldier, slipped under the binding to prevent the bag from wandering during your movements and combat phases. This cover will be worn here as a strap, but hooks could be present to place it on the webbing. The bag closure system was intended to be opened quickly by pulling the upper strap up. This allowed rapid use of the mask. This MK2 case is intended to contain the MK2 light gas mask. This mask was put in place from March 1943 and was provided when the Normandy landings arrived. It will be complicated to wear the helmet with the chin strap at the neck, so it will be easier to place the chin strap on the front, or behind your neck, to allow optimal wearing. A cartridge will also be stored, and placed on the side of the mask, which can make the practical aspect a little secondary. Be careful to remove the cap from the cartridge, otherwise you will suffocate. Mandatory to wear, however, this mask wasn’t used in combat, as the gas wasn’t used. The cover also contains ointments and goggles, double the red id plate and an anti-dimming box. The small pack P37 will be taken with L-straps, fixed with brass hooks. It’s intended to receive the necessary toilet, a mess kit in two parts with a ration 24h inside, cutlery, diapers and cape, here of model MK6, although the model MK8 is also frequently found. An enameled cup will be hung on one of the closure straps, which is too large to be contained in the bag. We will also find a sewing kit, a third strap to put the small pack in a shoulder bag, and tea ration boxes. Coming in addition to the belt pouches, canvas pouches were also appreciated because they are quick to access. Each pocket allowed to store 2 clips of 5 cartridges of .303, and 5 pockets were available, or 50 cartridges per bandolier. There were several models of cartridges, and several cartridges could be transported at the same time. The clip presented here is a reproduction made of resin, when the other compartments are filled with rubber clips. The Lee Enfield No4 Mk1 was adopted in 1941 to succeed the Lee Enfield No1 Mk3, but was mass produced from 1942 until 1945. It’s 4kg and is loaded, like the Mk3, by 2 stripper clips, which will be put in a magazine which becomes, from this new version, removable. The sights are passed to the end of the body to lengthen the line of sight unlike the previous version. The sling is installed with two loops, and a distance of 4 fingers must be respected between the 2 lugs of the sling and the loop of the butt. The rear sight was pivotal: an eyecup allowed rapid targeting at 274m (300 yards), and another adjustable eyecup could reach 1189m, in 100-yard intervals (91 meters). The Lee Enfield No4 Mk1 rifle was distributed to 8 soldiers out of the 10 soldiers constituting a combat group. This is a replica of airsoft from Viva Arms. Each soldier was equipped with at least 30 stripper clips of 5 cartridges of .303 British, or 7.7 x 56mm, hence the additional cartridges. Some soldiers could also carry the clips directly in the removable magazines. The “spike” bayonet is installed directly on the barrel, and is locked with a button at the base of the blade. The bayonet is rotated until it locks. This No4 MK2 bayonet was nicknamed “Pigsticker”. The Scottish soldier generally had the same uniform as the British soldier: only the insignia and the hat will change. The kilt can be worn, but only for ceremonies and for an outfit. But then again, the kilt will have a specific tartan depending on the regiment. Don’t take a random kilt without inquiring about the regiment to represent. The kilt was officially removed from combat in July 1940, but it was only worn in combat by 2 regiments in 1939, so don’t burden yourself with this accessory if you don’t wish to wear outfits. Here, some elements of the outfit are original, like the bottle, or the handle of the individual tool. The rest are reproductions which have been adapted or blanked. Thus, the back pass of the right strap will have been unstitched, only the left pass being used. The bag will have been properly filled, you will see the content in a video with the link in the description, as well as a link to the review of the Lee Enfield No4 Mk1 from Viva Arms. Summary The boots, also called “Ammo Boots” or Boots General Service (BGS) experienced many changes from the late 1880s to the late 1950s. The name “Ammo Boots” comes from the fact that the first shoes were made by the Master Armorer in Woolwich within the headquarters of an artillery regiment, and not by the HQ of the British army. The boots were made with several pieces of leather, some in “grained” leather, others in pair leather. They were designed more to be resistant and durable than for comfort. A leather sole accommodated studs, an iron at the front and one at the back, on the heel. They are closed with a leather lace, which will be laced up like “commandos”, to allow a quick opening in case of emergency, with a knife blade. A pair of 1937 gaiters will be placed over the ankle, to protect it and waterproof the shoes as much as possible. They will close with two loops, and it will be advisable to choose your size well. The buckles should be on the outside of the ankle and the straps should be towards the back. Dark green Blanco has been added to improve their waterproofing. Created in 1937 and modified in 1940, the Battle Dress pants were the standard pants for all British infantry. It’s made of thick woolen cloth, and it’s therefore strongly advised to wear long underpants to avoid that your legs end up irritated! There are no loops to attach a belt to, so white elastic suspenders will be essential. Five pockets will be arranged all around the pants: 2 on the sides, one on each thigh, and one on the right buttock. The buttons of the front pockets are visible, unlike the previous version of the pants. The large pocket on the left will be used to hold a card, but can be used to hold additional clips for quick access. Two buttons are placed on the back of the pants to secure the Battle Dress jacket. Appeared in the early 1930s, the flannel shirt will be worn under the Battle Dress jacket. It closes with three buttons on the front, and it will be advisable to wear the suspenders of the pants over it. It replaces the previous version which dates from October 1917, and wasn’t modified during the second war. ID tags will be worn by all soldiers in the British army. They are in the form of discs made of fiber and will be hung on a white cord. The surname and initials of the given name as well as the religion and the service number will be struck to allow the identification of the soldier, both living and after his death. The Battle Dress Pattern 37/40 jacket is placed over the collarless shirt and Battle Dress pants. It has 2 pockets on the chest, unfortunately not very accessible once the webbing is installed. These pockets are closed with visible plastic buttons, unlike the previous model, the P37 jacket. It has badges specific to the battalion, the brigade, the division and our soldier’s regiment. Some will place a piece of woolen cloth underneath to easily change the insignia of the Battle Dress, but this is absolutely not mandatory. Two hooks will close the collar and it will be mandatory to use them in ceremonies, except for the officers who will wear it open collar with collar shirt and tie. It will be possible by order of the Corporal, to open the hooks in case of heat. In this case, the whole group did. A strip of woolen cloth will come to pass in a loop to bend at the waist. The standard hat for the British infantry was the helmet, but the Scots could have their traditional hat. Thus the Tam O’shanter was used throughout the second war, replacing the Glengarry, which was used at the start of the previous war by the whole troop. The color of the Gordon Highlanders tartan will be found on the left front side, which won’t be placed on the elastic band but above. The Gordon badge will be placed on top. Adopted in 1938 for all British infantry, the MK2 helmet would experience changes throughout the war, although the MK1 helmets were still used by some soldiers, depending on stocks and units. It has a waxed canvas internal, which will be secured to the helmet by means of a screw, located on the top. It’s this screw which will allow you to fix the camouflage net, which could be beige, green or brown. Burlap will have been added to help concealment and especially avoid reflections. The MK2 helmet won’t be used by the troops having landed in the first wave in Normandy, the new MK3 helmet having been privileged. The Scottish soldier’s webbing is identical to that of the British infantry, it will be laid out in a regulatory manner, the only freedom allowed will be the location of the individual tool. Two MK3 P1937 cartridge pouches will be found on each side of the belt. They will contain the magazines of Lee Enfield No4, Mills grenades, stripper-clips, and 2 magazines of Bren, absent here because already used. A No4 MK2 “spike” bayonet will be slipped into a Mk1 steel scabbard, itself installed on a P37 frog. The Mk1 individual tool will be placed on the back of the belt with a 2nd model handle, which will accommodate the bayonet to serve as an extension for probing mined land. Once the blade and the handle are assembled, we will have this tool, which will serve as a shovel and a pickaxe. From April 45 the case has an additional loop to avoid loss of the tool handle. A MK7 canteen, in green enamel, will be contained in a felt cover, hung on the wire by means of a bottle holder MK3 P37. The second cartridge case here will contain an American TL122-B lamp, a personal object proving to be more practical for lighting at night than English lamps. The whole will be fixed by means of brass hooks on a P37 belt, which will support the crossed straps allowing to support the weight of the webbing. Only the left strap had a loop, into which the right strap was slipped. On the left side, worn by our soldier, trapped under the belt, will find the MK2 cover to contain the gas mask, MK2 also. The trauma caused by the use of combat gases during the First War forced English troops to always have a gas mask available. This model was therefore implemented from March 1943. It will be necessary to screw a cartridge on the left side of the mask, but will only be inconvenient to use, the fogging appearing quickly. The small pack P1937 was transported in the soldier’s field gear. It attaches to the cartridge pouches at the front using L-straps and a brass hook. It will contain the soldier’s toiletries kit, his mess kit, his sewing kit, etc. And an enameled cup will be placed on one of the closure straps. An Mk6 poncho will be rolled over the top, and some will be visible from the outside. The Lee Enfield No4 Mk1 rifle is a major evolution of the Lee Enfield No1 Mk 3 rifle from the First World War. It was adopted in 1941 but distributed to certain units from 1942. To feed it, stripper clips of 5 cartridges of .303 British were seen in the soldier’s equipment. Thus, canvas bandoliers were used in addition to the classic pouches. The Lee Enfield rifle was more precise than its predecessor, the rear sights having been moved back to the maximum compared to the previous rifle. This made it possible to lengthen the line of sight and increase its precision. The rear sight was also foldable, to take advantage of a fast sight eyepiece, at 300 yards, or a more precise sight, going from 200 to 1300 yards. The bayonet was placed at the end of the barrel, which, according to legend, could improve even more precision, the vibrations of the barrel during the start of the shot continuing in the bayonet. This is a replica of airsoft developed by Viva Arms, you can find the link to the full review in the description of this video. If you have cartridges, arrange to fill the compartments with neutralized clips, rubber clips, resin clips or 3D printed clips. An empty cartridge pouch will be ugly and useless, you might as well leave it in your backpack or in your pouches. Here is what concludes this uniform impression video, I hope you enjoyed it. If so, feel free to leave a blue thumb, comment, subscribe, and share this video. Thanks to SWIT Airsoft for their support, as well as to all my friends from the “Heroes of the Past” association who were able to help me build and present this uniform. Thanks to Rifleman Moore for his participation, if you want to learn more about the detail of British equipment during the 20th century, don’t hesitate to go see his channel which is very interesting! In English. If you too, you want to support me, you can do it via my Tipeee page, MyTip, or even become a subscriber to the channel, to be a member and have some advantages, you will find all the useful links in description of this video. So you can help me as much on the form as on the content of my videos. As for me, I’ll see you soon for a new airsoft video review, uniform or VIP presentation! Bye! Directed by Neo035 Thanks to Romain, Stanislas, Julien and all the Heroes of the Past; Thanks to Simon Moore for his participation Thanks to SWIT Airsoft for the support and Sonia for the photos Thank you to my Tipeee, MyTip and YouTube subscribers! Eh Mama mia, I need a pizza, a Scottish pizza… We will call it the MacPizza!